En Antioquia, agresiones a líderes y defensores de DDHH aumentaron en 90% durante 2018

Los homicidios y las amenazas fueron los tipos de agresión más frecuentes en las subregiones del departamento. Ante esto, las organizaciones defensoras de derechos humanos consideran que el papel de la institucionalidad ha sido insuficiente para proteger la vida e integridad de líderes y defensores.

111
275
Los líderes sociales y defensores de derechos humanos de territorios rurales han recibido la mayoría de las agresiones. Foto: Yeison Camilo García, Agencia de Prensa IPC.

El Nodo Antioquia de la Coordinación Colombia-Europa-Estados Unidos y el Proceso Social de Garantías presentaron ayer el Informe sobre la situación de las y los defensores de derechos humanos en Antioquia, 2018. Este plantea que el año pasado se registraron al menos 470 agresiones, en comparación con 248 descritas en el informe del año 2017.

Yesid Zapata, vocero de ambas plataformas, aseguró que hubo un “aumento sustancial” en los casos de homicidios, amenazas (individuales y colectivas) y desplazamientos forzados. Los agredidos fueron, principalmente, liderazgos campesinos, comunitarios y relacionados con el proceso de sustitución de cultivos ilícitos, quienes ejercían labores de defensa de derechos en sus territorios.

Según el Informe, en el Valle de Aburrá se presentaron 99 agresiones, sobre todo en los municipios de Barbosa y Medellín, equivalentes a un 33%. Le siguen Bajo Cauca (32%), Urabá (13%), Norte (11%), Occidente (6%), Nordeste (3%) y en menor escala el resto de subregiones. Cabe resaltar que en Bajo Cauca y Norte fue donde más homicidios se registraron: 13 y 10, respectivamente.

Los agredidos, en muchos casos por ejercer su derecho a la denuncia y la protesta, identificaron como principal victimario a grupos paramilitares, como las AGC y los ‘Caparrapos’, en 326 casos. En el resto de casos, los responsables serían grupos guerrilleros e integrantes de instituciones que estigmatizan, persiguen y judicializan a quienes lideran prácticas como la movilización social.

Esta situación humanitaria la padecen varios departamentos del país. Así lo insinúa el Informe cuando retoma cifras de la Defensoría del Pueblo para sostener que “el compendio de casos registrados entre el 1 de enero del 2016 y el 31 de diciembre del 2018 da como saldo 431 homicidios contra defensores y defensoras”. De ese total, 25% ocurrieron en Cauca, 14% en Antioquia y 7% en Norte de Santander.

Y agrega que “la Defensoría del Pueblo estableció que durante el 2018 ocurrieron 172 homicidios de personas que defendían los derechos humanos, un caso cada dos días; 158 ocurrieron contra hombres y 14 casos contra mujeres, todos conservando siempre los mismos porcentajes, patrones de sistematicidad y concentrándose focalmente en los departamentos de Cauca (35), Antioquia (24), Norte de Santander (18)”.

¿Cómo han reaccionado las instituciones?

Tanto la Coordinación como el Proceso Social le habían advertido al Gobierno que la firma del Acuerdo de Paz con la guerrilla de las FARC-EP podría traer consecuencias adversas; por ejemplo, convertirse en un “punto de inflexión” para el aumento progresivo de las agresiones contra líderes y defensores de derechos humanos que apoyaran la votación favorable del plebiscito y la implementación de los acuerdos en sus territorios.

Aunque esa advertencia se ha hecho realidad, a través de agresiones selectivas y sistemáticas, “el Gobierno todavía no está cumpliendo con sus compromisos en materia de prevención y protección a defensores y defensoras», sentenció el vocero. Para él, eso convierte a la institucionalidad en la principal agresora, por omisión en el desarrollo de sus responsabilidades constitucionales.

En efecto, la lectura desde esas plataformas es que las instituciones no están cumpliendo cabalmente sus funciones. Sobre la Defensoría del Pueblo, comentó que emite información valiosa a través del Sistema de Alertas Tempranas, pero hay territorios de subregiones como el Oriente, el Suroeste y el Valle de Aburrá de donde no han emitido alertas. “Eso podría indicar que hay una especie de omisión u ocultamiento de lo que está ocurriendo”.

Sobre la Unidad Nacional de Proteccion (UNP), expresó que “son muy demorados los trámites, a pesar de las tutelas que se han ejercido al respecto”. Además, “los analistas desconocen completamente las realidades que viven los líderes y defensores de derechos humanos en los territorios y cuáles son los factores de riesgo a contemplar a la hora de definir el tipo de medida para protegerlos”.

Su valoración de la Fiscalía General de la Nación tampoco fue favorable: “Hace un ejercicio interesante”, pero no ha avanzado significativamente en la investigación y esclarecimiento de los crímenes contra líderes y defensores de derechos humanos; es decir, pocas veces ha logrado identificar a los autores materiales e intelectuales. Por eso, “hablamos de que alrededor de un 95% de los casos está en la impunidad”.

Ante ese panorama, el vocero de ambas plataformas le recomendó al Gobierno que apoye la construcción de paz, mediante la implementación del Acuerdo. Puntualmente resaltó la “cantidad de jurisprudencia”, refiriéndose a mecanismos de justicia transicional, que está siendo desconocida como medio para garantizar los derechos colectivos de las comunidades.

“Creemos que es fundamental que el Estado colombiano le apueste férreamente al Sistema Integral de Verdad, Justicia, Reparación y Garantías de No Repetición, porque esto cobija de manera transversal las garantías hacia las y los defensores de derechos humanos” que continúan siendo asesinados: en lo corrido de 2019 se han registrado al menos tres casos debidamente confirmados en Antioquia, concluyó.

111 Comentarios

  1. Hi there this is somewhat of off topic but I was wondering
    if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML.
    I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding know-how so I wanted to get advice
    from someone with experience. Any help would be enormously
    appreciated!

  2. Pretty nice post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wished
    to mention that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
    After all I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I’m hoping you write again very soon!

  3. My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find most
    of your post’s to be just what I’m looking for.
    Do you offer guest writers to write content for you personally?

    I wouldn’t mind producing a post or elaborating
    on most of the subjects you write regarding here.
    Again, awesome weblog!

  4. Excellent post. I used to be checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed!
    Extremely helpful info particularly the last section :
    ) I care for such information a lot. I was looking for
    this certain info for a long time. Thanks and good luck.

  5. I intended to put you the tiny note to be able to thank you very much the moment again relating to the superb tips you’ve contributed in this case. This is unbelievably generous of you to allow extensively exactly what many people might have marketed as an e-book in making some dough for their own end, most notably since you might well have done it if you desired. The creative ideas additionally acted to provide a great way to recognize that other people online have similar keenness just like mine to see great deal more with reference to this problem. I know there are lots of more pleasant sessions in the future for those who start reading your blog.

  6. Hello, Neat post. There’s a problem with your web site in web explorer, might test this… IE nonetheless is the market leader and a big part of folks will miss your magnificent writing because of this problem.

  7. I have been surfing online more than three working hours today, however I never found any kind of interesting document like your own. It is quite worth enough to me. Personally, if all web owners and blog writers created great articles as you did, the internet will be a lot more useful than previously.

  8. Thanx for the effort, keep up the good work Great work, I am going to start a small Blog Engine course work using your site I hope you enjoy blogging with the popular BlogEngine.net.Thethoughts you express are really awesome. Hope you will right some more posts.

  9. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

  10. The subsequent time I learn a blog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I mean, I do know it was my choice to read, however I actually thought youd have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you possibly can repair if you happen to werent too busy looking for attention.

  11. Thanks for your posting on the traveling industry. I would also like to add that if you are a senior thinking about traveling, it can be absolutely essential that you buy traveling insurance for retirees. When traveling, elderly people are at high risk of experiencing a health care emergency. Obtaining right insurance coverage package for your age group can safeguard your health and provide you with peace of mind.

  12. Sapid Agency is a Search Engine Optimization company in New York City that provides SEO Services. Their proprietary SEO strategies help struggling websites and aspiring business owners to rank their websites higher in multiple search engines like Google , Yahoo and Bing. They provide local and gmb map ranking for businesses in NYC and many other local areas. Find more at https://www.sapidagency.com/ @ 145 E 57TH NEW YORK, NY 10022, USA, +1 971 341 5608 USA

  13. There are several posts available near this, I do think taking there reference could experience made this spot or article really informative. That’s not me expression this post is poor quality. Simply Need to pronounce the fact that info provided here was unique, merely rebuild more very near to complete, supporting to former information get been actually good. The points you get touched here’s important, thus I’m going to spot several of the information here to produce this actually beneficial to entirely the newbie’s here. Many thanks for this data. Actually helpful!

  14. I like what you guys are up too. Such intelligent work and reporting! Keep up the excellent works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my web site 🙂

  15. hey there and thank you for your information – I have certainly picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise several technical issues using this site, since I experienced to reload the site a lot of times previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but slow loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and could damage your high quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my email and can look out for much more of your respective exciting content. Ensure that you update this again very soon..

  16. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz answer back as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like to know where u got this from. cheers

  17. Hello there! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had issues with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform. I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  18. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick in NYC at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  19. Excellent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely wonderful. I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it sensible. I can not wait to read much more from you. This is actually a wonderful website.

  20. It’s actually a cool and helpful piece of information. I am satisfied that you simply shared this helpful information with us.
    Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  21. I have not checked in here for some time as I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  22. What i don’t realize is actually how you’re not actually much more well-liked than you may be right now. You’re very intelligent. You realize therefore significantly relating to this subject, made me personally consider it from numerous varied angles. Its like men and women aren’t fascinated unless it’s one thing to do with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs excellent. Always maintain it up!

  23. Good – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task.

  24. I do agree with all of the ideas you’ve presented in your post. They’re really convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are too short for novices. Could you please extend them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

  25. Sapid Agency is a Search Engine Optimization company in New York City that provides SEO Services. Their proprietary SEO strategies help struggling websites and aspiring business owners to rank their websites higher in multiple search engines like Google , Yahoo and Bing. They provide local and gmb map ranking for businesses in NYC and many other local areas. Find more at https://www.sapidagency.com/ @ 145 E 57TH NEW YORK, NY 10022, USA, +1 971 341 5608 USA

  26. My husband and i got now fulfilled when Raymond managed to round up his investigation out of the ideas he grabbed from your very own weblog. It’s not at all simplistic just to choose to be making a gift of key points which often the rest might have been making money from. We really know we now have the website owner to appreciate for that. Those illustrations you made, the easy web site menu, the relationships you will give support to engender – it’s mostly terrific, and it’s facilitating our son in addition to us feel that the issue is awesome, and that is exceedingly fundamental. Many thanks for everything!

  27. I’m excited to uncover this page. I need to to thank you for your time for this fantastic read!! I definitely liked every bit of it and I have you saved as a favorite to check out new stuff on your website.

  28. Good web site! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I could be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your RSS which must do the trick! Have a great day!

  29. You really make it appear so easy along with your presentation but I in finding this topic to be actually one thing that I feel I would never understand. It seems too complicated and very large for me. I’m having a look ahead for your next publish, I will attempt to get the cling of it!

  30. I enjoy you because of every one of your work on this website. My mother enjoys engaging in internet research and it’s really easy to see why. My spouse and i hear all concerning the dynamic form you give effective tips and hints on this web blog and even invigorate contribution from others on that point so our child is now understanding a whole lot. Have fun with the rest of the year. You’re conducting a splendid job.

  31. It certainly is mostly extremely difficult to see well-advised individuals on this area, even though you come across as like you be aware of exactly what you’re writing about! Appreciation

  32. There are certainly a number of particulars like that to take into consideration. That is a nice level to convey up. I provide the ideas above as normal inspiration however clearly there are questions like the one you carry up where an important thing can be working in sincere good faith. I don?t know if best practices have emerged round things like that, but I am positive that your job is clearly recognized as a good game. Each boys and girls feel the impression of just a second’s pleasure, for the rest of their lives.

  33. I precisely wanted to say thanks again. I am not sure what I could possibly have used without the entire suggestions shared by you relating to that area of interest. Entirely was a very depressing circumstance in my opinion, however , being able to view the specialised fashion you handled the issue made me to leap with contentment. I am just thankful for your service and expect you are aware of an amazing job your are accomplishing educating other individuals all through your web page. I am certain you have never encountered any of us.

  34. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with a few pics to drive the message home a bit, but instead of that, this is magnificent blog. An excellent read. I’ll definitely be back.

  35. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to your weblog? My website is in the very same niche as yours and my users would truly benefit from a lot of the information you present here. Please let me know if this ok with you. Many thanks!

  36. Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it’s truly informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels. I will be grateful if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  37. Hello there, simply changed into aware of your weblog through Google, and found that it’s really informative. I am gonna be careful for brussels. I’ll appreciate in the event you proceed this in future. Lots of people will be benefited out of your writing. Cheers!

  38. I’ve been browsing on-line more than three hours these days, yet I never discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours. It is beautiful worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers made excellent content as you probably did, the internet will likely be much more useful than ever before.

  39. Someone essentially assist to make significantly posts I’d state. That is the very first time I frequented your web page and so far? I surprised with the research you made to make this particular publish extraordinary. Excellent task!

  40. I merely need to show you that I am new to having a blog and absolutely admired your information. Probably I am going to save your blog post . You definitely have fabulous article blog posts. Be Grateful For it for share-out with us all of your website information

  41. I simply wish to notify you that I am new to blog posting and incredibly admired your review. Very possible I am prone to store your blog post . You simply have impressive article content. Appreciate it for share-out with us your internet page

  42. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be actually something that I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  43. A lot of thanks for all of the effort on this site. Gloria take interest in carrying out internet research and it’s really obvious why. A lot of people notice all about the dynamic ways you present important tricks by means of this web site and in addition boost response from website visitors about this topic then our own princess is now studying a lot of things. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You are carrying out a good job.

  44. Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your post seem to be running off the screen in Chrome. I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with internet browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know. The style and design look great though! Hope you get the problem resolved soon. Cheers

  45. One thing I’d like to touch upon is that weightloss system fast is possible by the suitable diet and exercise. Someone’s size not just affects the look, but also the overall quality of life. Self-esteem, major depression, health risks, as well as physical skills are affected in excess weight. It is possible to do everything right whilst still having a gain. If this happens, a problem may be the root cause. While excessive food instead of enough body exercise are usually the culprit, common health conditions and traditionally used prescriptions might greatly amplify size. Kudos for your post right here.

  46. An attention-grabbing discussion is worth comment. I think that it’s best to write more on this matter, it may not be a taboo subject however typically persons are not sufficient to talk on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  47. Hey there! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with us so I came to take a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Outstanding blog and great style and design.

  48. I believe that avoiding processed foods is the first step for you to lose weight. They will taste very good, but ready-made foods currently have very little vitamins and minerals, making you consume more just to have enough power to get through the day. If you’re constantly consuming these foods, transferring to whole grain products and other complex carbohydrates will let you have more strength while consuming less. Thanks alot : ) for your blog post.

  49. Simply want to say your article is as amazing. The clarity in your post is just spectacular and i could assume you’re an expert on this subject. Well with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please keep up the enjoyable work.

  50. You could certainly see your expertise within the work you write. The sector hopes for even more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to say how they believe. At all times go after your heart. «In order to preserve your self-respect, it is sometimes necessary to lie and cheat.» by Robert Byrne.

  51. Hello, Neat post. There is a problem with your web site in internet explorer, could check this… IE nonetheless is the market leader and a good element of folks will miss your magnificent writing because of this problem.

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here